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Narcissistic Parental Alienation syndrome refers to the process of psychological manipulation of a child by a parent to show fear, disrespect, or hostility towards the other parent. Very often, the child can’t provide logical reasoning for the difference in their behaviour towards both parents. Parental alienation may happen even when narcissism is not a factor. […]
narcissistic parental alienation

Coping with Narcissistic Parental Alienation

Narcissistic Parental Alienation syndrome refers to the process of psychological manipulation of a child by a parent to show fear, disrespect, or hostility towards the other parent. Very often, the child can’t provide logical reasoning for the difference in their behaviour towards both parents. Parental alienation may happen even when narcissism is not a factor. […]
impact of divorce on children

Divorce: A Child’s Perspective

Going through a divorce is not an easy thing for adults. For children, it is even more difficult. They experience a lot of emotional conflicts, confusion, and even anxiety during this period. Hence, it is crucial that divorcing parents make an earnest effort to understand the child’s state of mind. Only when they understand the […]
expat divorce singapore

What is the Criteria for an Expat to File for Divorce in Singapore?

Divorce, in itself, is a difficult issue. It can be even more tricky if you are seeking foreigner divorce in Singapore. If you are a Singapore citizen looking to divorce a foreign spouse or vice-versa, there may be consequences beyond a divorce that you may need to consider. First and foremost, you must be married […]
assets division divorce

Will the Grounds of Divorce affect Division of Matrimonial Assets?

During the dissolution of a marriage, accusations are oftentimes levelled at either party. The parties then prove that there the marriage has irretrievably broken down by establishing one of five reasons, most commonly among them are adultery and unreasonable behaviour. However, despite the allegations of fault or wrongdoings of either party, the reason relied upon […]
grey divorce singapore

The Benefits of Collaborative Divorce for Seniors

Collaborative Divorce for Seniors People who seek a divorce in their senior years tend to face a significantly different set of issues than younger couples who divorce. Most couples who divorce over age 55 have a long history that’s likely to involve substantial co-mingled assets, financial obligations to adult children, and retirement plans based on […]
child maintenance in singapore

Maintenance of Special Needs Children

For parents of special needs children, the issue of child maintenance will typically one of their biggest concerns in a divorce. This anxiety is especially acute among parents who have care and control of a special needs child but are not in the financial position to provide everything the child needs without the other parent’s […]
being first to file for divorce

The Financial and Legal Advantages of Being First to File for Divorce

When your marriage is a troubled one, it’s common to consider divorce a long time before taking any definitive action. But once you feel confident that divorce is in your future, you should stop hesitating and start preparing. There are significant financial and legal advantages to being the first to file for divorce. Here’s what […]
uncontested divorce vs contested divorce in singapore

What to Expect in a Contested and an Uncontested Divorce in Singapore

The divorce experience differs for everyone. Much of it depends on the attitude of the parties, but it can also depend on whether the dissolution is an agreed or contested divorce. Here’s an overview of what you can expect from these two types of divorce. HIGHLIGHTS Definition Uncontested Divorce Uncontested Divorce Process Definition Contested Divorce […]
child maintenance singapore

FAQs : Child Maintenance in Singapore

Child maintenance is one of the many aspects that couples who are going through a divorce has to consider. It is also the time when you would start to wonder how the divorce is going to affect your child’s daily activities and how you are going to provide for the child. We shall now look […]
deed of separation singapore

Setting aside a Deed of Separation

What is a Deed of Separation (“DOS”)? Parties can apply for a Deed of Separation which will allow them to live separately from each other before they officially commence divorce proceedings. Through the DOS, parties can provide for matters non-exhaustively laid out below: division of matrimonial home; division of other matrimonial assets apart from the […]
trust law singagpore

A Brief Introduction to Trust Law in Singapore

What is a trust? A trust is a fiduciary arrangement where a trustee holds asset (real estate, stocks, bonds, funds, etc) on behalf of another beneficiary. While the trustee holds legal title of the assets, the beneficiary has equitable title of the same. Having a legal title means that the trustee has ownership of the […]
child maintenance after 21

Receiving Child Maintenance after 21 in Singapore

Even as the child has seemingly progressed into adulthood when he/she turns 21, an adult will always be some parent’s child. However, the law is not as sentimental as the loving parent when it comes to defining what a child is. When the child turns 21-years old, there is a celebration, then quite suddenly, any […]
step-parent obligations

Step-parent Obligations

In becoming stepfather/stepmother to your lover’s child, you may wonder if you have a duty to pay for the child’s living expenses where the child is still receiving maintenance from his/her biological/adoptive father and mother. A step-parent is classified as a non-parent, which even includes, grandparents or relatives. He/she is neither a biological nor an […]
coronavirus impact on maintenance obligation

Maintenance Obligations Amid Economic Crisis due to Covid-19

On 7 April 2020, the Singapore government passed a new Act, called the Covid-19 (Temporary Measures) (Control Order) Act 2020 to define the details of the circuit breaker restrictions for containing the spread of Covid-19. One of the measures in the Act called for a complete shutdown for many non-essential businesses which has caused serious […]
COVID19 child access temporary measures

COVID-19 (Temporary Measures) Act 2020 and How It Affects Child Access Arrangements

(UPDATED AS OF 10 APRIL 2020) As a result of the enactment of the COVID-19 (Temporary Measures) Act 2020 (the “Act”) and the amendments made thereafter, every parent (either separated or divorced) will inevitably have questions on how the Act will impact their current Court Order or agreement on child access arrangements. On our analysis […]
gurdianship in singapore

Frequently Asked Questions on Guardianship in Singapore

What is the legislation governing Guardianship in Singapore? The legislation governing Guardianship in Singapore is the Guardianship of Infants Act (Chapter 122). It has been highlighted by the Honourable Justice Debbie Ong in the most recent High Court decision of VET v VEU [2020] SGHCF 4 (“VET v VEU”) that the purpose of the GIA […]
co-parenting in a pandemic

Co-parenting in a Pandemic

The Singapore Family Justice Court’s (“FJC”) approach to handling family disputes is to encourage effective co-parenting. Past cases illustrate that effective co-parenting involves prioritising the welfare of the children pursuant to Section 125 of the Women’s Charter. Judges have reminded parties that “acrimony is no excuse for the lack of communication” (in the case of […]
caronavirus impact on divorce

Impact of Coronavirus on Divorce & Child Custody in Singapore

The coronavirus pandemic has thrust the world into a period of fear and uncertainty. For divorced parents, these feelings are intensified. How can parents protect their children from potential exposure to the virus without violating a shared custody or visitation order? What if one parent believes a particular activity is safe for the children, but […]
family lawyer hiring

6 Things to Ask a Family Lawyer Before Hiring

Divorce is never easy, but the right attorney can smooth the path. The “right” lawyer is not only well-qualified in the family law field, but has a working style and personality that meets your needs and expectations. When you meet with a prospective Singapore divorce lawyer, ask these six questions to determine whether you’re making […]
divorce during pandemic

Covid-19 and Marital Relationship Issues

The worldwide call to limit external social activity, keeping a social distance, working from home and even having to isolate oneself at home will result in one having to spend much more than an unusual amount of time at home with their spouse. This situation can inevitably expose any underlying conflicts couples may be experiencing. […]
divorce with children

How Will a Divorce Pan out With Children in the Picture?

Divorce can be made simple if uncontested, but what if there are children in the picture? A divorce is no longer just between the Husband and the Wife when there is a child, or children, from the marriage. Television programmes often depict divorcing parents who are undergoing a ‘messy’ divorce ‘fighting’ for their child in […]
adoption in singapore

FAQs: Adoption in Singapore

What is adoption? Adoption is a legal process where parental rights over a child are conferred to the applicants. The relationship between the biological parents and their child is severed and replaced with a legitimate relationship between the applicant(s) and the child. In Singapore, the process is governed by the Adoption of Children Act (ACA). […]
child abuse

When Does Discipline Become Child Abuse?

Corporal punishment may have once been a common mode of discipline across households in Singapore, but it is increasingly being frowned upon, especially as the leakage of such acts on social media has triggered waves of public outrage. The law supports the authority of a parent to inflict reasonable discipline on his or her child, […]
singapore citizenship law

Citizenship Laws in Singapore: How is Citizenship Acquired?

Article 15 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has a right to a nationality, and that no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of it. Indeed, citizenship is important, to the extent that some legal scholars have maintained that citizenship is a person’s basic right, or “the right to have rights”. […]
outrage of modesty singapore

Outrage of Modesty: Practical Considerations

What is outrage of modesty? Section 354 of the Penal Code criminalises the use of criminal force on another person with the intention or knowledge that it will thereby outrage the modesty of that person. Outrage of modesty is also commonly known as molestation. The terms ‘outrage’ and ‘modesty’ are left undefined to accommodate for […]
grey divorce singapore

Grey Divorce in Singapore

If you’re considering divorce at an older age, you’re not alone. As The Strait Times has reported recently, more seniors getting divorced in Singapore, even after decades of marriage. This trend is commonly known as “Grey Divorce” or a “Senior Divorce”. Grey divorce is becoming more prevalent as women become more willing to assert their […]

FAQs : Birth Certificate Registration in Singapore

A birth certificate is something people often take for granted. Not many of us would think that it holds any value. However, something that we often overlook that is of great significance is whether both of our parents are named on our birth certificate. The consequences of not having a parent – the father, named […]
postnuptial agreement

Postnuptial Agreements – Verbal Agreements Between Spouses

Essentially, postnuptial agreements are agreements entered into by married couples to determine issues upon divorce such as the division of matrimonial assets, maintenance and child-related issues. There 3 key points to note: Whether postnuptial agreements are enforceable Whether it makes a difference if the agreement was made verbally Whether the attempt to reconcile affects the […]
lasting power of attorney

What is a Lasting Power of Attorney

In this article, we will be sharing some frequently asked questions by our clients in relation to a Lasting Power of Attorney. What is a Lasting Power of Attorney (referred to as ‘LPA’)? It is a legal document allowing a person who is 21 years or older (referred to as ‘donor’) to voluntarily appoint one […]

Appropriate Adult Schemes in Singapore

There are two types of Appropriate Adult Schemes in Singapore: Appropriate Adult Scheme for suspects with intellectual disabilities Appropriate Adult Scheme for young suspects under 16 years old Who is this for? As outlined above, there are currently two schemes. One of the schemes are intended for suspects with intellectual disabilities – such as people […]
assets divided in divorce

How are Assets Divided in Divorce?

The most commonly asked question during divorce enquiries is how assets are divided during a divorce. This article offers general guidelines on how Courts in Singapore decide asset division. This is a complex process, and you can approach specialist divorce lawyers to give you specific advice for your situation. Mediation In the most ideal situation, […]
Implications of annulment

Implications of Annulment

Unlike a divorce, an annulment results in the marriage being treated as not having existed. As a result, some of the subsequent effects of an annulment differ from that of a divorce. This may be particularly so with regards to status of children, maintenance payments and property. Status of children The primary issue concerns the […]
alternative to divorce in singapore

What are some Alternatives to Divorce?

It isn’t an easy time when you are deciding whether to end your marriage, but you can take comfort in the fact that you are not alone. According to the Department of Statistics in Singapore, the median duration of marriages in 2017 stands at 10.3 years. Ending your marriage may at times be the best […]
child custody singapore

Variation of Parenting Orders (Custody, Care and Control & Access)

At the end of the second stage of your divorce proceedings dealing with ancillary matters, the Judge has likely made a decision on various issues pertaining to your child. This includes orders regarding: Custody: which parent gets to make major life decisions for the child in areas such as education, healthcare, and religion? Care and […]

Cohabitation Without Marriage Pitfalls (Illegitimate Children)

The Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF) has recognised the family as a basic building block of our society, and has encouraged families to have children within marriages by providing benefits such as the Baby Bonus cash gift, housing benefits, and tax reliefs. But what happens if a child is born out of outside […]
singapore child maintenance

Child Maintenance During National Service

Some frequently asked questions from clients include whether or not they are entitled to financial support from their ex-spouses before or after their children are 21 years old, when their children are enlisted in National Service (“NS”).
surrogacy law singapore

Surrogacy and the Law – Frequently Asked Questions

The issue of surrogacy has been in the limelight as a result of a recent landmark High Court decision where a Singaporean gay man was legally allowed to adopt his biological child who was born through a surrogate mother in the US. In this article, we will be sharing with you some of the frequently […]
matrimonial assets

Compensation Monies and Matrimonial Assets

In our line of work, we see the strongest relationships break down that tugs our heartstrings. Yet most rewardingly, we are tasked with the noble job of listening to clients share their personal stories and helping them move on with their lives – one step at a time. Our experienced Singapore Divorce lawyers are family […]
uncontested divorce singapore

What is an Uncontested Divorce in Singapore?

If you and your spouse are able to communicate in a civil manner, you`ll be able to make better decisions that will get you through a divorce more quickly. Even if you use the assistance of a mediator to cover all issues, you will file as a simplified uncontested divorce. Through the Simplified Uncontested Divorce […]
trust and divorce

Trusts and Divorce

Divorces between financially sophisticated spouses often involves judges and lawyers encountering trusts issues when the topics of maintenance and the division of matrimonial assets arise.

Before you Adopt

Before you begin the adoption process, it will be prudent to understand what is adoption all about.
prove adultery

How do I Prove Adultery for Divorce Purposes?

High Threshold of Proof In Singapore, one of the ways to get a divorce is to prove that “your spouse has committed adultery and you find it intolerable to live with him or her.”
prenup singapore faq

Prenuptial Agreements FAQ`s

If you need legal advice to find out your options before you proceed to divorce, we offer a free no-obligation consultation with one of our divorce lawyers.
uber driving new law

New Laws for Grab and Uber Drivers

Amidst the slew of alternative modes of transportation come two very familiar powerhouses on Singapore’s roads, both vying for a share of the private hire-car pie.
child care and control

Care and Control – Father or Mother

In granting care and control to one parent, factors that a court may take into consideration include the gender of the parent, continuity of living arrangements for the child and the lifestyle of each parent.

Criminal Force & Assault – s350 and 351 of the Penal Code

When is a person guilty of using “criminal force”? Criminal force under Section 350 is a charge that is taken very seriously in Singapore. This is especially when criminal force is used in furtherance of sexual crimes such as outrage of modesty or in cases of wrongful confinement as well as cases which deter a […]
overseas maintenance

Obtaining Maintenance in Singapore After a Divorce Overseas

Ordinarily, the Family Justice Courts could only order financial relief in the form of division of matrimonial assets (s 112, Women’s Charter (“WCh)), or maintenance of the former spouse (s 113, WCh) in respect of marriages that had been terminated in Singapore.
spousal maintenance

Spousal Maintenance in Singapore FAQs

Who can claim for spousal maintenance? The Women’s Charter provides that the wife or an incapacitated husband can claim for maintenance from the other spouse.

Is Mediation Suitable For You?

Many who are considering divorce would also consider the option of mediation rather than litigation for the following reasons:

Children in Divorce

Divorce proceedings can become considerably more complicated when there are children involved

Divorce Strategy

The divorce process can be incredibly taxing emotionally, physically

Requirements for a Will

Although you do not need a lawyer to make a Will, you are advised to engage the services of a lawyer

Altering your Will

As you live life, your estate and your relationships with different people would be constantly changing.

Directors: Remuneration

Under Singapore corporate law, in the absence of express stipulation in the articles of association


The Adoption of Children Act (Cap. 4, 2012 Rev. Ed.) governs the adoption of infants in Singapore.

Property Law

Property Disputes actions are usually commenced in the High Court, as it requires the High Court

Sports Law

The commercial nature of sports means that they have a requirement for legal representation.

Employment Law

At GJC, our experienced team of employment contract lawyers is ready to offer comprehensive

Deed of Reconciliation

A Deed of Reconciliation can be executed between parties who have the intention to save their marriage.

Deed of Cohabitation

A Deed of Cohabitation is a contract between people who are living together but are not married.

Judicial Separation

If parties wish to live apart permanently but do not wish to commence divorce proceedings

Joint and Mutual Wills in Singapore

Gloria James-Civetta & Co There are various types of wills. The more common types in Singapore are simple wills, joint wills and mutual wills.
Will writing service

Will Writing Services

A Will with 2 Executors An executor is someone that you appoint and name in your Will to administer your estate and distribute your assets after you have passed on.

Amendments to the Singapore Employment Law Act

As effective from1 April 2014, we would like to highlight some important changes to employment law in Singapore that may affect your organisation’s employment policies and practices.